Introduction to the Cognitive Functions

Within each person’s psyche there are four cognitive processes. Every person Thinks, Feels, Senses, and iNtuits. When used, a cognitive process is always oriented primarily towards either the extraverted or introverted world, creating 8 actual functions performed by the four processes:

  • Extraverted Thinking (Te)
  • Introverted Thinking (Ti)
  • Extraverted Feeling (Fe)
  • Introverted Feeling (Fi)
  • Extraverted Sensing (Se)
  • Introverted Sensing (Si)
  • Extraverted iNtuition (Ne)
  • Introverted iNtuition (Ni)

Thinking and Feeling are Judging functions, used to plan, act, and make decisions. Sensing and iNtuition are Perceiving functions, used to gather information, explore, process, experience, and respond.

T/F = judging (planning, acting, deciding, closure)

Thinking = focuses on the use of things / logical implications
Feeling = focuses on the meaning of things / impact on people

External decision makers (Fe/Te) weigh outside factors as more important than inside factors when making decisions.
Internal decision makers (Fi/Ti) weigh inside factors as more important than outside factors when making decisions.

S/N = perceiving (gathering information, exploring, experimenting, processing, responding)

Sensing = focuses on experiences
Intuition = focuses on concepts

Extraverted perceivers (Se/Ne) feel more comfortable exploring/experimenting/staying open-minded about external factors.
Introverted perceivers (Si/Ni) feel more comfortable exploring/experimenting/staying open-minded about internal factors.